Forests cover 56%, agricultural lands 35%, pasturage and meadows 7%, nonarable areas and residential centers 12% of the surface area of Bartın which is 2143 km2. In the Black Sea Region which exhibits quite a complex status in terms of plant geography; can be seen plant groups and species belonging to both, Black Sea and European-Siberian plant geography. The forests occupying a large portion in the plant cover of Bartın, usually consist of broad-leaved and coniferous trees. The characteristic trees of the area up to 600 m height along the coast are; Oak, Beech and Hornbeam. Inland and in sections higher than 1500 m.; widespread species are Beech, Chestnut, Fir and Pine trees whereas, on the coastal band Walnut, Chestnut and Hazelnut plantations are widespread. And, Cranberry, Medlar, Blackberry, Linden, Rosehip, Fig, Sage, Asparagus, Daphne, Creeper, Rosebay, Rhododendron, Fern, Jasmine, Prie, Hawthorn, Bellflower, Daisy, Chicory, Mole Plant, Quick Grass, Clover, Trefoil, Plantain, Primrose, Poplar, Terebinth, Rhus, Gumwood, Woodruff, Sagebrush, Shepherd’s Purse, Rockrose, Cypress, Strawberry Tree, Geranium, Shrub, Poterium Spinosum, Dyeweed, Arab Weed, Jacob’s Rod, Marjoram and hundreds of underbrush constitute the other species of tress and plants. Among the product pattern of the territory, soil character and climate of which allow vineyard and orchard farming; it can be considered field crops and almost all of the vegetable and fruit species. Moreover, high quality Strawberry growing for which festival is organized in recent years, is drawing attention. In Bartın; there are no plant species available which have been taken under protection as per the Bern convention.
Amphibians, reptiles, mammals and birds constitute Bartın’s fauna. Among the amphibians, we can count frog species and triturus vittatus; among the reptiles, lizard, gator, snake and turtle; among the mammals, wolf, coyote, molva, badger, fox, beech marten, squirrel, porcupine, mole, dryomys, mouse types, brown bear, wild boar, rabbit, roedeer and bat species. And, among the bird varieties take place; storks, sparrowhawks, falcons, owl, hawk, jay, magpie, turtledove, cuckoo, owlet, eagle owl, yellowbird, sparrow, coal tit, woodpecker, whitethroat, quail, chukar, pheasant, woodcock, blackbird and fieldfare.
It takes place in the western part of the Black Sea Region between 410 -53’ North latitude and 320 -33’east longitude. Its northern part is encircled by 59 km coastal line whereas, it is adjacent to Kastamonu in the east, Karabük in the east and South and Zonguldak provinces in the west. Surface area is 2143 km2 and average altitude is 25 m.
SURFACE FEATURES MOUNTAINS
Bartın; is encircled by mountains not higher than 2000 m. from the east, west and north. Although the mountains are not high, they are quite steep, rock face towards the coasts. Its major mountains are; Aladağ, Kocadağ, Karadağ, Kayaardı, Karasu and Arıt Mountains. The town centrum is encircled by Aladağ from the west, Karasu mountains from the North and Arıt Mountains from the east. Halatçıyaması, Orduyeri, Kırtepe and Ömertepesi are the four significant hills on which the city is set-up.
KÜRE MOUNTAINS NATIONAL PARK
This takes place in the western part of the Black Sea Region, within territories of Bartın and Kastamonu provinces and on the Küre Mountains. 34.000 ha part of the National Park covering a total area of 114.787 ha. with the “Buffer Zone”, are virgin areas not opened to settlement and use. The Küre Mountains National Park; offer a rich diversity regarding its folk medicine developed in the surrounding settlements and original folkloric values; interesting carstic formations such as, particularly, the canyons, straits, caves, waterfalls and dolines formed within the Western Black Sea Karst zone having international importance; 1200-year aged natural and virgin forests, flora and endemic plant asset; rich fauna diversity wherein live 129 bird and 40 mammal species.
Bartın’s most significant river is Bartın River named as Parthenios in B.C. years and which gave its name to the city. The river formed of Koca brook and Kocanaz brook joining one another at Gazhane Burnu in downtown, flows along 15 Km and reaches at Black Sea at Boğaz locality. While Kocanaz brook; originates from the South and flows to the North from Kozcağız, Koca brook; consists of Göksu and Eldeş Brooks (Ulus Brook) coming from Kastamonu and passing by Ulus and the streams joining these. Kışla stream joining Kozlu Brook formed of Arıt and Mevren Streams, Akpınar and Karaçay Streams, are the rivers feeding Kocaçay. Its other rivers are; Kapısuyu and Tekkeönü Streams originating from Kurucaşile territories and reach at the Black Sea and Ovaçayı and İnönü streams watering Ulus-Uluyayla. Bartın River; is the most regular river by means of which transportation can be made on it by 500 ton vessels from the Black Sea to the city. Its flow rate is 720 m. per hour and it pours into the sea 1.000.000.000 m3 of water every year.
PLAINS AND PLATEAUS
The terrain fragmented deeply by the Bartın River and its branches, has a very rugged appearance. Narrow and deep valleys take place in the areas where the river gets widened and between the quite steep hillsides of the mountains. Flat plains get increasing as it is being descended down towards downtown. Bartın’s major plateaus are; Uluyayla , Ardıç, Gezen and Arıt plateaus. Arıt plateaud, is located within the Küre Mountains National Park.
It is 27 km. away from Ulus District. It takes place in various different altitudes between Göktepe (1416 M) and Ovacuma (300 M) and, the average altitude is 1000 M. Uluyayla, is an untouched forestry asset of 86000 hectares. The general area of the plateau is 18.255 hectares and, the surface area of the Kalkanlı locality forming the Plateau area is 60 hectares. Coniferous and broad-leaved tree species and hundreds of underbrushes constitute the plant cover. Uluyayla; is a wonder of nature with its forest and greenery, colorful flowers, springs, caverns and wild animals.
It is 33 km away from Ulus district, Kumluca town. The general area of the plateau which is approximately 1500 m high, is around 10 ha and the plateau flatland has a size of 4 ha. The plant cover of the plateau; other tree species and hundreds of underbrushes such as, Juniper, Fir, Beech, Oak, Hornbeam, Hazelwood, Black Pine, Yellow Pine, Poplar, Acer, Rowanberry, Rhododendron, Ilex, Wild Rose, Nettle, Raspberry, Blackberry, Strawberry, Blueberry. The plateau known with its plentiful of fieldfares, is rich in its aspect of wildlife, too. Ardıç plateau, is all the time under snow during 6 months between November and April.
Gezen plateau which is one of the two plateaus in Ardıç region, is 8 km away from Ardıç plateau. It has identical features as Ardıç plateau and a size of 2 ha.